Procedure for writing scientific journals – As previously explained that scientific journals can be divided into two types namely national scientific journals and international scientific journals. Some international scientific journals themselves have reputations and some are still not reputable.
Where reputable international scientific journals have been indexed by international databases, such as Web of Science, Scopus, and Microsoft Academic Search. The following is an example of writing a scientific journal with the writing procedure and its location.
Every scientific journal needs to have a clearly written title. The existence of a clear title will make it easier for readers to know the essence or content of the journal at a glance without having to read the entire journal. For example, the title “Analysis of chlorophyll content and anthocyanain in suji leaves”.
The issue of this title has provided the reader with an idea of the content contained in this journal. After writing the title, in the journal then proceed with the name of the article author, email and address of the institution / college.
The abstract section contained in scientific journals has a function to summarize briefly about the contents of a journal. Abstract writing is intended to be an explanation for the reader without having to read the entire contents contained in the journal.
Abstract sections are usually presented in about 250 to 500 words (according to the guidelines that are followed) which summarize the journal sections covering the objectives, methods, results to conclusions. Abstracts are usually written in italics or italic. Abstracts also usually consist of two languages namely Indonesian and English abstracts.
In this abstract writing may not use acronyms or quotes. The abstract part must also stand alone, there should not be footnotes. Usually, this abstract part is written in the final stage after finishing compiling a scientific paper.
An easy way or tips for writing abstracts is to quote important points from each section of the journal, namely introduction, methods, results and conclusions. From these points then used to compile a brief description of the journal that has been made.
At the end or at the bottom of the abstract there are keywords that function so that the important points in this journal are easier to find, one of which is by search engines. This keyword usually consists of 5 words.
Introduction are a number of statements about the object being examined or investigated, which provide information to the reader, in order to understand the objectives and specifications in the theoretical framework in a larger scope.
This introduction can also include information about the background of the problem, problem formulation and research objectives. All background information obtained from other sources must be quoted and footnoted. The introduction should not be made too long to avoid the ineffectiveness of words and verbosity.
Material and Methods
This section explains the research procedures carried out to obtain data. Researchers can explain the research procedures or work steps, equipment and materials used, data collection methods, to the type of control of research variables.
If the research data collection is done in nature, the writer needs to describe the research area, location, and explain the steps in the work done. In this section the researcher also explains the analysis technique. For example an explanation of the sampling technique.
In this section the researcher presents concise data about the results of research or observations that have been made. These results are made in a dense and clear manner using an explanatory form in the form of narrative text, tables, or graphics. The research results presented are not the interpretation of the final data or the conclusions of the whole data.
The data presented in the table / figure must also be complete, the narrative text needs to be presented in a form that is easily understood by the reader. The results of research in this section must be clearly, completely, concisely and accurately described.
The data displayed must be objective, so as not to cause a different interpretation. Therefore, the writing in this section should be noted.
In this discussion, researchers review the data with observed patterns. The relationship between the experimental variables and the correlation between the variables examined can be seen clearly.
In this section, researchers must include explanations and presentations related to the research hypothesis and provide related research results conducted by other researchers or previous research.
Every research does not have to always refer to large differences or even trends that become something important.
Negative results also need to be explained, then reviewed and given an explanation of what causes it. Things like this might be something that is important to be examined again in further research.
The conclusions section is the answer to the statements in the introduction, namely the research objectives. In making conclusions the researcher needs to answer the questions in the objective section in accordance with the results of the research that have been obtained.
Referring to the introduction and conclusion, the reader will find it easier to find good ideas based on the weaknesses of the research.
Bibliography contains sources of information or data used in research writing. All quotations obtained by researchers must be written in alphabetical order in this section. The rules for writing this bibliography are intended to facilitate the reader who wants to refer to the original literature.